This week DOJ and HHS issued a joint report on the enforcement efforts in fiscal year 2012 of the Health Care Fraud and Abuse Program. This now-sixteen year old program has recovered over $23 billion for the Medicare Trust Funds according to the report, $4.2 billion of which was recovered by the government in 2012. Notably, that represents a significant return on investment for the government, which allocated approximately $600 million to the Program in 2012. The report provides a summary of each of the civil, criminal, and administrative actions concluded in 2012 against providers, manufacturers, and other health care providers. The report also highlights the trend of increased enforcement activity and settlements of health care fraud claims in recent years, noting that over the last four years alone the government has recovered almost $15 billion as a result of the Program efforts – more than double the amount recovered during the prior four year time period. That trend will almost certainly continue; according to the report, federal prosecutors had 2,032 health care fraud criminal investigations and 1,023 civil health care fraud matters pending at the end of 2012.