Posted by Jaime L.M. Jones and Nirav Shah
In a report released last month, the federal government announced that it had recovered nearly $4.1 billion last fiscal year as a result of its escalated fight against health care fraud. Spearheaded by the Department of Health and Human Services and the Department of Justice, the government recouped approximately $2.4 billion in civil health care fraud via the False Claims Act as well as $1.3 billion in criminal fines and forfeitures under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. The number of new cases also rose, with the DOJ opening more than 1,100 new criminal health care fraud cases in addition to the more than 1,800 already pending. The number of civil cases is growing, too, with nearly 1,000 new cases being filed on top of over 1,000 existing actions.
In a blog post announcing the report, HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius credits recent tools, including the Affordable Care Act’s $350 million funding of the Health Care Fraud and Abuse Control Program, to help in the fight against fraud. A government fact sheet released on the same day also highlights these efforts, with particular focus on Health Care Fraud Prevention and Enforcement Action Teams (“HEAT”). These teams, created in 2009, are designed to encourage coordination and intelligence sharing among HHS and DOJ. The report also praises the work of the Medicare Strike Force, an “interagency team of analysts, investigators, and prosecutors who can target emerging or migrating fraud schemes, including fraud by criminals masquerading as health care providers or suppliers.” Secretary Sebelius cites these specialized anti-fraud teams and notes that, before their creation, “a fraudster could swindle Medicare for millions of dollars in Florida, close up shop, move to Detroit, and attempt to reestablish the same scheme without ever being noticed. Now, CMS and Department of Justice officials are tracking fraud scams as they move across the country, so that criminals are spotted when they try to re-enroll into Medicare or Medicaid.”
Administration officials noted that the recovery figures are nearly double the $2.14 billion recouped in 2008. Likewise, the number of fraud prosecutions increased 75 percent during the same period. Secretary Sebelius and Attorney General Holder both credited the Obama Administration’s revamped efforts at fighting fraud for these statistics.